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1. Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

Energy Kinetics involves studying what makes chemical reactions happen. Every reaction that happens involves some energy exchange, whether it’s slow reaction such as iron rusting, or a faster reaction, such as when a rocket burns fuel during take off.   ...

2. Rate of reaction

Measuring rate This section aims to cover the following topics: Define chemical reaction rate Define rate expression Relative rates of reaction and stoichiometry ratio Rate – change in concentration over time The rate of a chemical reaction can be thought of as...

3. Differential Rate Laws

Methods for determining order of reaction This section looks at how concentration affects reaction rate. You will learn how to determine the order of a reaction. Reactions are often categorized into first, second, third order, etc. and this information is useful for...

4. Integrated Rate Laws

Overview The differential rate law relates the change in concentration of a reactant over a specified time. In other words, it tells us about the overall rate of a reaction from the beginning to the end of the reaction and the rate law also tells us how the speed of a...

5. Mechanisms and Intermediates

Reaction mechanism Chemical reactions often take place in multiple steps and it’s not always obvious from looking at the chemical equation. For example, the decomposition of ozone: From the equation, it appears that O₃ decomposes to O₂ in one step. In reality,...